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2019 | Sustainability Report
Caterpillar's Environmental,
Social and Governance Approach

Endnotes

  1. Total includes purchased and on-site generated alternative and renewable energy, as well as calculating the percentage of renewable energy from grid-purchased electricity using data obtained from the International Energy Agency.
  2. Renewable Energy: Caterpillar defines renewable energy as energy resources that are naturally replenishing over a short period of time and virtually inexhaustible. Power generation examples include wind, solar, hydro, geothermal, tidal, wave, biomass and biogas from anaerobic digestion.
  3. Alternative Energy: Caterpillar defines alternative energy as any source of usable energy that offers substantial environmental benefits compared to the conventional sources of energy that it replaces. Power generation examples include landfill gas, coal mine and abandoned mine methane, combined heat and power, coal with carbon sequestration and localized power generation.
  4. Location-based Scope 2 GHG emissions are provided in accordance with the GHG Protocol Scope 2 guidance (2015). Our market-based Scope 2 emissions are calculated using the Scope 2 Quality Criteria. The following instruments were used in calculating our market-based Scope 2 emissions: Renewable Energy Guarantees of Origin, energy contracts, supplier-specific emission rates, Caterpillar-owned power generation facilities and, for the remainder of our facilities, grid average emission factors from USEPA’s eGRID (2016) and the International Energy Agency’s data (2018). For 2019 calculations, Caterpillar did not use residual mix factors.
  5. GHG emissions intensity reduction goal is based on our combined Scope 1 (direct) and Scope 2 (indirect, market-based) GHG emissions using a 2006 baseline year. Likewise, total absolute GHG emissions are a sum of Scope 1 and Scope 2 (market-based) emissions.
  6. Percentages may not add to 100% due to rounding.
  7. Water consumption intensity does not include noncontact cooling water from foundry operations.
  8. This includes remanufacturing, component overhauls at Cat dealers, power generation using alternative energy sources, customer job site optimization and innovative new products. The components are evaluated each year to adjust for acquisitions, divestitures, offerings that become standard and improvements to data accuracy.
  9. Data for 2018 has been revised for improved accuracy.
  10. Data does not include Progress Rail or Solar Turbines.
  11. Product returned for remanufacture (called “core”) is not always returned within the same calendar year as sold.
  12. This represents employee and retiree donations made in the calendar year 2018, and the Caterpillar Foundation’s match made in the calendar year 2019.
  13. This includes employee and retiree contributions, and the Foundation match, for campaigns in the United States, Canada, Mexico and Panama.
  14. Data includes Caterpillar and agency employees. Data does not include contractor employees.

Forward-Looking Statements

Certain statements in this presentation relate to future events and expectations and are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “believe,” “estimate,” “will be,” “will,” “would,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “forecast,” “target,” “guide,” “project,” “intend,” “could,” “should” or other similar words or expressions often identify forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements regarding our outlook, projections, forecasts or trend descriptions. These statements do not guarantee future performance and speak only as of the date they are made, and we do not undertake to update our forward-looking statements.

Caterpillar’s actual results may differ materially from those described or implied in our forward-looking statements based on a number of factors, including, but not limited to: (i) global and regional economic conditions and economic conditions in the industries we serve; (ii) commodity price changes, material price increases, fluctuations in demand for our products or significant shortages of material; (iii) government monetary or fiscal policies; (iv) political and economic risks, commercial instability and events beyond our control in the countries in which we operate; (v) international trade policies and their impact on demand for our products and our competitive position, including the imposition of new tariffs or changes in existing tariff rates; (vi) our ability to develop, produce and market quality products that meet our customers’ needs; (vii) the impact of the highly competitive environment in which we operate on our sales and pricing; (viii) information technology security threats and computer crime; (ix) inventory management decisions and sourcing practices of our dealers and our OEM customers; (x) a failure to realize, or a delay in realizing, all of the anticipated benefits of our acquisitions, joint ventures or divestitures; (xi) union disputes or other employee relations issues; (xii) adverse effects of unexpected events; (xiii) disruptions or volatility in global financial markets limiting our sources of liquidity or the liquidity of our customers, dealers and suppliers; (xiv) failure to maintain our credit ratings and potential resulting increases to our cost of borrowing and adverse effects on our cost of funds, liquidity, competitive position and access to capital markets; (xv) our Financial Products segment’s risks associated with the financial services industry; (xvi) changes in interest rates or market liquidity conditions; (xvii) an increase in delinquencies, repossessions or net losses of Cat Financial’s customers; (xviii) currency fluctuations; (xix) our or Cat Financial’s compliance with financial and other restrictive covenants in debt agreements; (xx) increased pension plan funding obligations; (xxi) alleged or actual violations of trade or anti-corruption laws and regulations; (xxii) additional tax expense or exposure, including the impact of U.S. tax reform; (xxiii) significant legal proceedings, claims, lawsuits or government investigations; (xxiv) new regulations or changes in financial services regulations; (xxv) compliance with environmental laws and regulations; (xxvi) the duration and geographic spread of, business disruptions caused by, and the overall global economic impact of, the COVID-19 pandemic; and (xxvii) other factors described in more detail in Caterpillar’s Forms 10-Q, 10-K and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

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